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BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS OF STREET CHILDREN IN RWANDA ACCORDING NATIONAL COMMISSION FOR CHILDREN (NCC)MARCH 2012 Socio- demographic profile of street children This chapter provides a socio-demographic profile of street children interviewed during the study on the situation of street children in Rwanda carried out in 11 districts. The individual questionnaire gathered information disaggregated by number, sex, age, place of origin and residence of children in/on the streets of Rwanda, parental status and educational level of street children. It also presents the living conditions of street children. Number and sex A total of 1,087 street children were interviewed in the selected 11 Districts. A majority of the children living in the streets were males, accounting for 86.6% of the children in the streets. Female children only made 13.4% of the street children population. This number does not include those kept in different transit centers throughout the country such as Gikondo Transit Center and others located at the districts levels.

 

Street children place of origin March 2012 District of origin (N=1087) Number % District of origin

(N=1087)

Number % District of origin(N=1087) Number % Total
Bugesera 30 2.8 Kayonza 40 3.7 Nyamasheke 14 1.3
Burera 1 0.1 Kicukiro 132 12.1 Nyanza 8 0.7
Gakenke 7 0.6 Kirehe 8 0.7 Nyarugenge 188 17.3
Gasabo 58 5.3 Muhanga 43 3.9 Nyaruguru 18 1.6
Gatsibo 6 0.5 Musanze 58 5.4 Rubavu 70 6.4
Gicumbi 39 3.6 Ngoma 5 0.5 Ruhango 23 2.1
Gisagara 42 3.9 Ngororero 13 1.2 Rulindo 16 1.5
Huye 72 6.6 Nyabihu 3 2.3 Rusizi 30 2.7
Kamonyi 37 3.4 Nyagatare 3 0.3 Rutsiro 5 0.5
Karongi 9 0.8 Nyamagabe 10 0.9 Rwamagana 17 1.6
Unknown District of orgin 82 7.5
383 315 389 1087

 

BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS OF STREET CHILDREN IN RWANDA ACCORDING NATIONAL COMMISSION FOR CHILDREN (NCC)MARCH 2012
Socio- demographic profile of street children This chapter provides a socio-demographic profile of street children interviewed during the study on the situation of street children in Rwanda carried out in 11 districts. The individual questionnaire gathered information disaggregated by number, sex, age, place of origin and residence of children in/on the streets of Rwanda, parental status and educational level of street children. It also presents the living conditions of street children. Number and sex A total of 1,087 street children were interviewed in the selected 11 Districts. A majority of the children living in the streets were males, accounting for 86.6% of the children in the streets. Female children only made 13.4% of the street children population. This number does not include those kept in different transit centers throughout the country such as Gikondo Transit Center and others located at the districts levels.
In addition, the limited number of female (13.4%) presented in the chart 1 represents only those found in the streets during the study and who accepted to respond to the questionnaire. According to the street children and local authorities, the majority of street girls are less visible daytime and only appear on the streets at night for commercial sex worker activities. Age of children in the streets Out of 1,087 street children interviewed, 63.7% of them were 14 to18 years of age, 26.4 % were 6 to13 years of age, 1.6% were 0 to 5 years of age. Children in the streets age 19-21 represented 8.3% of the street children population. Concerning street children aged 0-5 years found on the street during the study, some of them lived permanently in the streets with their mothers and others were in the streets accompanied by their mothers to beg. All data about children were provided by their mothers.  Street children by place of origin Information on place of origin for the street children surveyed were sought. About 92% knew their places of origin. Table 1 shows that the children in the streets originate from all the 30 districts of the Republic of Rwanda with numbers varying from 1 in Burera to 188 street children in Nyarugenge Districts.

The Kigali City Districts recorded the highest numbers (378 street children) followed by districts in Southern Province with 253 street children, Districts in the Western Province with 144 street children, Districts in the Northern Province with 121 street children and District in the Eastern Province with 109 street children.

However, the study revealed also another category of 82 street children who didn’t know their districts or places of origin.